Positive Recovery Outcomes (2009-2014)


Recovery Outcomes: Predictors of Positive Recovery Outcomes for Transition Aged Youth

When young people with serious mental health conditions have support across the domains of their lives, there is increased hope for recovery and successful participation in post-secondary education and the workforce. Our project's aim was to examine the relationship between school attendance, school performance, educational supports, youth empowerment in mental health treatment, school functioning and career strengths, and the outcomes of educational engagement and employment.

Phase I

Manteuffel, Stephens, Sondheimer, and Fisher (2008) examined the characteristics, service use, and outcomes of youth between the ages of 14 and 18, finding older youth needed greater access to services and had less positive mental health outcomes. Building on Manteuffel et al., we explored factors predicting positive education outcomes for older youth and young adults. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the National Evaluation of the Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and their Families Program (Holden, Friedman, & Santiago, 2001). Specifically, we explored relationships linking school attendance, cultural sensitivity of services, perceived service outcomes, and school functioning with school performance and completion.

Our analysis sample included 248 young people ages 17-22 who completed one year of services. The sample was 52.3% male, and very diverse (Meich et al., 2008) with 25.2% African American, 3.6% Asian American/Pacific Islander, 30.2% non-Hispanic European American, 27.4% Hispanic/Latino, 10.1% Native Americans, and 2.8% multiracial youth. Families were predominantly low income, with only 28.4% above the poverty line. We examined interview data at intake (T1), 6 months (T2), and 12 months (T3).