Measures / Scales / Instruments

The following tools have been developed and validated, either entirely or in part, by Pathways researchers. See details for each measure below.

Community Supports for Transition Inventory (CSTI)

The Community Supports for Transition Inventory (CSTI) is an evaluation tool developed by the Research and Training Center for Pathways to Positive Futures in Portland, OR. The CSTI assesses the extent to which a local community has developed the capacity to provide comprehensive transition support for young people with or at risk for serious mental health conditions.

More information about the CSTI can be found in this article:

Walker, J.S., Koroloff, N. & Mehess, S.J. (2015). Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 42, 254. »

If you are interested in using the CSTI, contact us at rtcpubs@pdx.edu.

Family Empowerment Scale (FES) (Available in English or Spanish)

The Family Empowerment Scale (FES) is a brief questionnaire for assessing empowerment in families whose children have emotional disabilities. The questionnaire is based on a two-dimensional conceptual framework of empowerment derived from the literature. One dimension reflects empowerment with respect to the family, service system, and larger community and political environment; the other dimension reflects the expression of empowerment as attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors.

Citation: Koren P., DeChillo, N., & Friesen, B. (1993). Family Empowerment Scale (FES). Portland, OR: Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health, Portland State University.

More information on the FES can be found in this article:

Koren, P. E., DeChillo, N., & Friesen, B. J. (1992). Measuring empowerment in families whose children have emotional disabilities: A brief questionnaire. Rehabilitation Psychology, 37(4), 305–321. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0079106 »

You may complete a short survey to download the Family Empowerment Scale »

Family Voice on Committees and Councils (Fam-VOC)

The Family Voice on Committees and Councils (Fam-VOC) assessment is intended to gauge the extent to which councils, committees, and advisory boards support family voice by engaging and supporting family members to be active and influential members. This assessment was developed as part of our collaboration with The Family-Run Executive Director Leadership Association (FREDLA, with input from other family leaders and experts on family leadership.

If you are interested in using the Fam-VOC, contact FREDLA at info@fredla.org.

State Supports for Transition Inventory (SSTI)

The State Supports for Transition Inventory (SSTI) is an evaluation tool developed by the Research and Training Center for Pathways to Positive Futures in Portland, Oregon. The SSTI assesses the extent to which the state system has developed the capacity to provide comprehensive transition support for young people with or at risk for serious mental health conditions.

More information on the SSTI can be found in this article:

Walker, J.S., Koroloff, N. & Mehess, S.J. (2015). Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 42, 254 »

If you are interested in using the SSTI, contact us at rtcpubs@pdx.edu.

Transition Service Provider Competency Scale (TSPCS)

The Transition Service Provider Competency Scale (TSPCS) is a self-assessment scale for service providers to assess their own level of confidence in a range of competencies for providing effective supports to youth and young adults in the transition years.

Citation: Jivanjee, P., Brennan, E., Roser, E., & Sellmaier, C. (2011). Transition Service Provider Competency Scale. Portland, OR: Research and Training Center for Pathways to Positive Futures, Portland State University.

More information on the TSPCS can be found in this article:

Sellmaier, C., Jivanjee, P., Brennan, E.M, & Grover, L. (2019). Development and Psychometric Testing of the Transition Service Provider Competency Scale. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 46(2), 353-362 »

Download the TSPCS »

Youth Efficacy / Empowerment Scale-Mental Health (YES-MH) (Available in English or Spanish)

The Youth Efficacy /Empowerment Scale Mental Health (YES-MH) is an adaptation from the Family Empowerment Scale, and was designed to assess youth perceptions of confidence and efficacy with respect to managing their own mental health condition, managing their own services and supports, and using their experience and knowledge to help peers and improve service systems.

More information on the TSPCS can be found in this article:

Walker, J. S., Thorne, E. K., Powers, L. E., & Gaonkar, R. (2010). Development of a Scale to Measure the Empowerment of Youth Consumers of Mental Health Services. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 18(1), 51–59. »

You may complete a short survey to download the YES-MH »

Youth Participation in Planning Scale (YPP)

The Youth Participation in Planning (YPP) scale assesses youth perceptions of whether interdisciplinary teams that create service, care, or treatment plans support meaningful youth participation in the planning process.

Citation: Walker, J. S. & Powers, L. E. (2007). Introduction to the Youth Self-Efficacy Scale/Mental Health and the Youth Participation in Planning Scale. Portland, OR: Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children s Mental Health, Portland State University.

You may complete a short survey to download the YPP »

Youth/Young Adult Voice at the Agency Level (Y-VAL)

The Youth/Young Adult Voice at the Agency Level (Y-VAL) self-assessment tool is designed to help youth-serving agencies assess their success rate at meaningfully involving youth and young adults in decision making at the agency level. This assessment was developed collaboratively by Youth MOVE National and researchers at Pathways RTC.

More information on the Y-VAL can be found in this article:

Walker, J.S., Masselli, B. M., Blakeslee, J., Baird, C., & Thorp, K. (2018). Development and Testing of an Assessment of Youth/Young Adult Voice in Agency-Level Advising and Decision Making. Children and Youth Services Review, 94, 598-605. »

If you are interested in using the Y-VAL contact Alice Topaloff at atopaloff@youthmovenational.org. More information can be found at https://youthmovenational.org/yval »

Youth/Young Adult Voice on Committees & Councils (Y-VOC)

The Youth/Young Adult Voice on Committees and Councils (Y-VOC) assessment is intended to measure support for the participation of youth and young adults as full and active members of advisory/governance committees and councils. Researchers at Pathways RTC collaborated with Youth MOVE National in developing the assessment and we are currently undertaking a study to validate the tool.

If you are interested in using the Y-VOC or taking part in the Y-VOC valication study contact Alice Topaloff at atopaloff@youthmovenational.org. More information can be found at https://youthmovenational.org/yval »